Assignment 5&6

Assignment #5 & 6

The Graveyard Book
Gaiman, N. & McKean, D. (2008) The Graveyard book. New York: Harper Collins Pub.
This book is about a boy named Bod. Owens has lived in a graveyard all his life. He is raised and educated by ghosts, but he cannot leave the graveyard he calls home. However, when Nobody begins to investigate how he ended up in his graveyard, he discovers a secret society from which he may never be safe.
Yes, this book is set in a graveyard; the book gives the exact location of being in Old town, and walk up the hill. An important description is that is covered with “some ten thousand souls”. The description of the graveyard is how I would imagine a haunted graveyard to be. By day, it’s a normal cemetery but, by night it is mysterious with the dead souls awaking. At first I was confused with the time period. I thought they were from the 1800’s by the way they act and talk. But, there is little hints that let me know we’re in the 21st century. Scarlett talks about cell phones, and shool yard bullies taking videos of their victims. I enjoyed all the descriptive words that helped me visualize this book.
This book can be interrupted different ways. There is a theme of friendship when Bod shows curiosity about the people buried in the various graves. Silas helping him learn how to read. He uses some books but, mostly the gravestones. Once he takes interest in the graves he learns something new and interesting about each one. For example, when Bod goes to Hell he goes through a grave that also happens to be a ghoul gate. There is also a theme of symbolisms. The author says he got the idea for The Graveyard Book form his experience of practically living in the library when he was a kid, transported to other world through books. We might think of the graveyard as Bod’s own library, and of each grave as a book, which leads to something new and exciting.

Skulduggery Pleasant
Landy, D. (2008). Skullduggery Pleasant: Playing with fire. Harper Collins Children’s Book: London
This book is about a skeleton and a twelve year girl named Stephaine Edgley. They meet through her uncle and go on an adventure fighting demons, and magic. They go a quest to fight for Stephaine’s family legend. Throughout their quest they become friends. They conquer the evil sorcerer Serpine.

Characters and Plot:
The main characters are uncommon characters. The main male character is dead. He’s also a walking, talking skeleton that can do magic. The main female character is a twelve year old girl named Stephaine Edgley. I was suprising to find out that she would being fighting demons with Skulduggery. This allows young readers to relate to the story. Some little girls and boys dream about being a hero and fighting crime. Also, it hits close to home for readers who are close to their family because, the main purpose of the story is for Stephanie to stop evil sorcerer Serpine from searching for her unless ancient legend. The relationship between the main characters is entertaining, magical and lots of humor.
The plot is believable, logical, and internally consistent. This book has a good flow, change of events. The beginning sets up the information the reader needs to know to understand the main purpose of the book. The book explains that after Stephaines uncle death. See meets one of her uncle’s oldest and strangest friends. The meeting of this friend set up the fantasy in the book. This is when she gets tossed into a world of magic with Skuldugger. After fighting and overcoming their obstacles, the book ends with Stephaine back in your normal world.

Cosmics Squad
Holm, J. (n.d) Comics Squad: Recess!
This book is about eight separate stories that are centered around what happens or doesn’t happen during recess. This book is like a comic book. It is full of laughter and vivid illustrations. It is a contribution to classic Sunday comics. With popular characters from Babymouse and Lunch Lady and brand-new soon-to-be favorite characters from superstars including Dav Pilkey, Raina Telgemeier, Gene Yang and many more.
Theme & Setting:
The theme of all stories is supposed to be what happens or doesn’t happen during recess, but the connections between the stories and the theme are often tenuous. All of the comics are colored in shades of black and orange, which make one wonder if a Halloween theme was originally intended. One of my favorites stories was “Jimmy Spinkles in Freeze Tag” written by Eric Wight. It was one of the funniest stories to me.
The setting is at one of my favorite places in grade school, which is recess. The author is very creative with the eight stories in the book. A unique story to me was Babymouse. There was some editing choices that were different for example, when Babymouse binoculars is placed not after the story about Babymouse, but on a different page altogether; and a page on how to draw Betty, another one of the characters, is placed not near her story but at the end of the book. The author was very creative with the humorous and imaginative dialogue and vivid illustrations.

Gregor the Overlander
Collins, S. (2003) Gregor the Overlander. New York: Scholastic
This book is about Gregor and his toddler sister, Boots, fall through a grate in their laundry room and into the land of the Underland, a world far from earth. Surrounded with giant intelligent bats, rats, cockroaches, and spiders. Taken in by the humans who live in an underground city, at first they only want to find a way back home. But then Gregor learns that his father, who disappeared years before, is in the Underland too, held prisoner by the rats, who are about to launch a war on the humans. In the end, He defeats the rats, and the Underlanders think that Gregor is the warrior of the prophecy.
Plot & Theme:
The Plot is logical and internally consistent with adventure. The logic of the order of events in the book is apparent from the beginning. As a reader you find out that Gregors dad died two years ago and lives with his mom, sister and grandma. I automatically knew there was a reason that the dad’s death was mentioned. His dad’s death ends up being the focus point of the storyline. The book ends with him finding his dad. Even though, Gregor found his dad in the end. There was a fair amount of adventure. The rats and spiders being enlarged give the story an element of creativity and fantasy. The plot has a great framework and also has great meaning.
There are several themes in this book. It addresses war, prejudice, broken families, and the nature of trust and friendship. Some readers may also recognize themselves in Gregor, who manfully struggles to accept the loss of his father and to support his mother, even though he cannot always help comparing his life to the lives of other children. Collins deals with all these issues subtly and sensitively, never moralizing and never shrinking away from portraying the world as she sees it, intermingled with both the good and the bad. As a reader, you realize the amount of bravery it takes to overcome the creatures of the Underland. I admired him for his bravery and determination in finding his father. He was rewarding to see the transformation and maturity of Collin. This book is great for parents to show child about family and self growth.

Rapunzel’s revenge
Hale, S., & Hale D. (2008). – Urban, L. Rapunzel’s revenge. New York: Bloomsbury.

This book is about is a twist on the tale of Repunzel. After using her hair to free herself from her prison tower, this Rapunzel ignores the pompous prince and teams up with Jack (of Beanstalk fame) in an attempt to free her birth mother and an entire kingdom from the evil witch who once acted as her mother. In the end, she frees her mother and entire kingdom from the evil witch.
Theme & Style:
There is a theme of friendship and bravery. Rapunzel does not conquer her challenges alone she has her friend Jack to accompany her. Jack leaves his old life to gallop around the wild and western landscape, changing lives, righting wrongs, and bringing joy to every soul they encounter. Rapunzel could be an inspiration to young readers because of her curiosity and integrity. It is impressive to see Rapunzel battles a wild boar, a sea serpent, killer coyotes, and outlaw kidnappers. In a land filled with liars and thieves, Rapunzel maintains her integrity. This story could show kids not to give up when times get rough. She had a goal and overcame her challenges to uncover her past.
This book has several unique components. It is an action-packed graphic novel follows a comic book format (illustrated by Nathan Hale) and is cleverly peppered with fairy tale references. The Hales apply a new twist to the classic tale. The main character has the characteristics of a modern woman with a strong, sassy, braid-whipping character who waits for no prince. Nathan Hale’s art is stylistically reminiscent of a picture book. It provides a snazzy counterpoint to the folksy text. A dash of typical fairy-tale romance, a strong sense of social justice and a spunky heroine make this a great choice for younger teens.

Selznick, B. (2011). Wonderstruck. New York. Scholastic
This book is about Ben and Rose who secretly wish their lives were different. Ben longs for the father he has never known. Rose dreams of a mysterious actress whose life she chronicles in a scrapbook. When Ben discovers a puzzling clue in his mother’s room and Rose reads an enticing headline in the newspaper, both children set out alone on desperate quests to find what they are missing. In the end, after fifty years apart, these two independent stories, Ben’s told in words, Rose’s in pictures weave back and forth with symmetry.

The book Wonderstruck is appealing to readers that enjoy illustrations. There is more illustrations than text. The story is richly layered and full of small, important details, both in words and pictures. This book could be interesting for adults and young readers. Adults should find themselves more than challenged to delve into all the symbolism and fine details. Kids and adults will be captured by the compelling prose and beautiful pencil drawings. I went back and forth at various pictures to find clues, more details, but often just to marvel at the story unfolding in front of me. I would read this book over again and would share it with my younger niece.
Brian Selznick books: The Invention of Hugo Cabret, The Houdin Box, The Boy of a Thousand
All three have a quest they are trying to achieve. In Houdini Box, Victor is trying to unlock the box to uncover houdins secrets. In the boy of a thousand, Alonzo is trying to solve the mystery of the creature stalking his town and make his dream of becoming The Boy of a Thousand Faces come true. In The invention of Hugo Cabret, Hugo is trying to save his undercover life and precious secrets.

Love that dog
Creech, S. (2011). Love that dog. New York: Harper Collins.
This book is about the story of Jack, his dog, his teacher, and words. The story develops through Jack’s responses to his teacher, Miss Stretchberry, over the course of a school year. At first, his responses are short and cranky: “I don’t want to” and “I tried. Can’t do it. Once his teacher feeds him inspiration, Jack finds that he has a lot to say and he finds ways to say it. Jack becomes especially fond of a poem by Walter Dean Myers titled “Love That Boy,” and it is this poem that gives Jack a way to tell the story of his beloved dog, Sky.
This book is a wonderful story told in free verse and in journal format. The story evolves in a series of short, pithy poems written by Jake as he responds to his teacher’s attempts to introduce a love of poetry and elicit more information in his responses. It is told completely in Jake’s words, although you can easily conclude the teacher’s comments. This is one my favorite book that I have read. This would be a great tool for English teachers. Even though I am a dance teacher I can relate in the way children give up on dance steps. I could use this story to help motivate those students. This is a perfect resource for teachers and students alike.
These books are all centered on life, love, relationships and especially family relationships. For Creech to grow up in a big family in Cleveland, Ohio, helps her to learn to tell stories that wouldn’t be forgotten in all of the commotion: “I learned to exaggerate and embellish, because if you didn’t, your story was drowned out by someone else’s more exciting one.”


APA format assignment 2

Bishop, N. (2007). Spiders. New York: Scholastic Nonfiction.

Bragg, G., O’Malley, K., Walker and Company., & C. & C. Offset Printing Co. Ltd. (2011). How they croaked: The awful ends of the awfully famous. New York, NY: Walker & Co.

Eimerl, S., & DeVore, I. (1965). The primates. New York, NY: Time, Inc.

Giovanni, N., & Collier, B. (2005). Rosa. New York, NY: Henry Holt.

Harris, R. H., & Emberley, M. (1999). It’s so amazing!: A book about eggs, sperm, birth, babies, and families. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick Press.

McDonnell, P., Schulz, J., Little, B., & Command-Z Design. (2011). Me… Jane. New York: Little, Brown.

Nelson, K. (2008). We are the ship: The story of Negro League baseball. New York, NY: Jump at the Sun/Hyperion Books for Children.

Sweet, M., Newborn, R., Paquette, C., Houghton Mifflin Books for Children., & Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. (2011). Balloons over Broadway: The true story of the puppeteer of Macy’s Parade. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Books for Children.

APA format

Brown, P. (2014). My teacher is a monster!. New York, NY: Little Brown and Company.

Deedy, C. A., & Austin, M. (2007). Martina, the beautiful cockroach: A Cuban folktale. Atlanta, GA: Peachtree.

DePaola, T. (1983). The legend of the bluebonnet: An old tale of Texas. New York: Putnam.

Falconer, I. (2000). Olivia. New York: Atheneum Books for Young Readers.

Klassen, J. (2012). This Is Not My Hat. Somerville, MA: Candlewick Press.

Munsch, R. N., & Martchenko, M. (2006). The paperbag princess. Lindfield, N.S.W: Scholastic Australia.

Sendak, M. (1963). Where the wild things are. New York: Harper & Row.

Singer, M., & Masse, J. (2010). Mirror mirror: A book of reversible verse. New York, NY: Dutton Children’s Books.

Smith, L. (2010). It’s a book. New York: Roaring Brook Press.

Wiesner, D. (2003). The three pigs. Princeton, NJ: Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic.

Assignment 2 summaries

This book is an informative book about spiders. It explains why their bodies are shaped a certain way. Why they have different colors. How they live in their habitat. How they make their webs and eat their prey. The pictures were very intriguing and realistic. There was a variety of spiders to be educated on.

It’s so amazing
This book is filled with many topics that have to do with reproduction. It starts with the myths of how a baby gets made. Then it goes to the facts. It has a colorful comical way of explaining the information. It explains the nine month process a woman goes through while being pregnant. It ends with the baby being born and having a family.

Balloons over Broadway
This book tells the true story of the puppeteer of Macy’s Parade. Tony Sarg is the man who invented the giant balloons of the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. The book starts from when he was a little boy with an inventive mind to how he became the famous man of the Macy’s parade.
How they Croaked
This book is about how famous people died. This is a fiction book that is creative on famous people died. It is written about nineteen famous people. The art work and touch of humor was interesting and different. The deaths can be disturbing therefore; they give you a warning at the beginning of the book.

We are the ships
Due to multiple sources and research this book informs the reader about the negro players that change baseball history. Some are legendary known and some players I was not aware of. Therefore, I learned more about baseball. They all have different and remarkable stories. The pictures stand out to me because they are oil paintings.

This book is about a young girl named Jane Goodall and her special childhood toy chimpanzee named Jubilee. She has an imagination and observes the natural world around her. She wants to life a live devoted to helping all animals. In the end, she realizes her dream has come true.

Primates: The Fearless Science of Jane Goodall, Dian Fossey, and Birute Galdikas
This book is informative about three women scientists of the twentieth century. It explains the groundbreaking research every scientist established. They research three apes and how different and spectacular. It also show how each lady’s research made an impact. This book gives make the reader interested in an endangered animal.

This book is about a courageous African American woman named Rosa Parks. In Montgomery, Alabama she refused to give up her seat on a city bus, which changed the rules of American Africans sitting in the back of the bus. Mrs. Rosa Parks is still one of the most well known figures in the American civil rights movement. This tribute to Mrs. Parks is a celebration of her courageous action and the history that changed after.

Assignment #1 Summaries

Assignment 1 Summaries


The three little pigs:
One pig builds a house of straw. One pig builds a house of straw. One pig builds a house of bricks. The wolf watches and blows the first two houses down. He came through the chimney of the brick house and burned his bottom from a pot of boiling water. He went running home. All three live happily ever after.

Martina the beautiful cockroach:
Martina the cockroach was looking for a husband. Her grandmother told her to do a coffee test to help her make her decision. She did the coffee test by accidently spilling coffee on the her potential suitors to see how they react. The rooster, pig, and lizard failed the coffee test. The mouse won because he has a Cuban grandmother and ended up putting the coffee on her.

This is not my hat
A little stole a little hat from a big fish that was asleep. He was hoping the big fish would not notice. He went into big plants. The crab saw him and told the big fish where the little fish was going. The big fish found him and took his hat back.

Legend of the Bluebonnet
The tribe is asking the spirits to give them water and rain. The Indian she-who-is-alone has a special doll form ancestors burned the doll as a gift to the spirits. The spirits gave the land bluebonnets, birds and rain. They named her One-who-dearly-loved-her people. Every spring the gods provided bluebonnets to the land. Which is now called Texas.

Olivia wanted her teacher to get teacher of the year when she being evaluated. She tried to make her teacher look good but the evaluator got mad with the chaos. So the kids got together and decided to make her teacher of the year. They showed her everything they learned and put her picture on the bus. They took a ride on the bus and Olivia felt she felt she did a good job making her teacher feel good about teacher of the year. One night Max dressed up in a outfit and caused mischief. His mom called him wild things and he said ill eat you up. He got sent to his room as the room grows in a forest. A boat comes for him. When he got to the land where the wild things are he tamed them with a magic trick. They named him king and let them rump free. He missed home and sailed back home where supper would be waiting for him.

Paper bag Princess
A princess had nice clothes and a going to marry a prince. A dragon came and eats her castle and took her fiancé. She had nothing to wear but a paper bag. She told him to burn the forest he had no more fire in him. She told him to fly around the world. The dragon fell asleep. The prince got mad at her for looking like a mess and told her to come back when he was cleaned up. He told him he has nice clothes but, is a bum and left him.

Mirror, Mirror
This book is fairy tales written in reverse. They use fairy tales such as Red Riding Hood, Cinderella, and Sleepy Beauty. Each page shows the one point of view and then the opposite point of view. It is good for the readers to realize that real life is not always a fairy tale. It also shows how one story can be interrupted many ways.

My teacher is a monster
This is a story about how a student views her teacher as a monster. The student’s opinion changes when they see her at a park. They have a normal conversion and threw a paper airplane together. The student realized the teacher was not such a monster after all. Once, she gets back to school the teacher turned back in a monster.

It’s a Book
A donkey and monkey are discussing about a book. The donkey is confused with what a book does. The donkey asks if it can twit and the monkey says no to all of the donkey’s ideas. At the end the donkey starts to read the book. Then he realizes what it is like to read a book.

Textbook Assignment #2

Assignment 2


  1. The book “It’s So Amazing” has the evaluation criteria of style. The book is informative starting from the beginning of reproduction. The first page is about meeting the birds and the bee to the end of the reproduction process being Let’s Celebrate an explanation of birthdays. This book is not just informational but it has its own unique style or voice in expressing the information. The presentation of the information has animated, colorful pictures. The message of the book is expressed in a comical way and comic book way of formatting the pictures. The author’s shows enthusiasm is expressed in the title being “It’s So Amazing”. An added touch of passion is shown on the inside cover when the author writes a note to the reader.

2. The book “Spiders” has the evaluation criteria of Design. The artful appearance is attractive and readable. There is a picture of a different spider on each page that matches the information. The pictures are real life pictures taken from a professional photographer named Nic Bishop. The book states the location of the spiders which is French Guiana and Costa Rico. This gives the children an accurate picture of what the spiders are supposed to look like. The pictures are appropriate and clear and placed appropriately. The pictures help the children comprehend the text.

  1. The book “We are the Ship” has the evaluation criteria of Design and Accuracy. An important element to this book is an artful appearance. The artwork is different from the other books. The author decided to use oil paintings. Nelson’s paintings have been exhibited in many galleries and museums around the world. The author quotes he wanted the oil paintings to be breathtaking in their perspective, rich in emotion, and for theses last heroes of our national game. The pictures complicate the text. The author’s text is accurate information. He researched with books, documentaries, and films on the subject, and a number of web sites dedicated to Negro League history.
  2. The book “Ballons over Broadway” has the evaluation criteria of style. This book is not just a book of literature. The illustrations and presentation of text is lively and unique, The illustrations are a mix of watercolor, illustrations, collages, paper from old books to make paper-mache’ puppets, fabrics and all painted or altered to illustrate what it may have felt in Sorg’s world.
  3. The book “Rosa” has the evaluation criteria of Design. The illustrations compliment the text. The author captured Rosa Parks’ essence in the pictures of her with great detail. The textures and patterns of the clothing and accessories are realistic looking. The illustrations are used with watercolors and collage. There is some strong verbal language used but, it stressed the dissimulation between the two races.
  1. The book “Me…Jane” has the evaluation criteria of style. The illustrations are whimsical, childlike watercolor and ink illustrations make this book stand out. It has minimal text. It was an old-fashioned type with subtly colored illustrations with the use of ornamental engravings form the 19th, and early 20th century. The message of the story is inspirational to young readers. It encourages kids to dream big.
  2. The book “Primatives” has the evaluation criteria of design. The book is readable and inviting with the illustrations. The author was creativity with the illustration and clear text. It made a historical topic become fun for children to learn about. Even though the book is short it is a great starting point to studying apes.
  3. The book “How they Croaked” has the evaluation criteria of style. This book is entertaining with the text but also with the illustration. The information it states is interesting and creative. For example, it notable Einstein quotes, Cremation 101, and Phobias. There is a picture of every page from pictures of feet to bugs. The pictures are all in black and white. These colors match the front cover of the skeleton. The colors and words give it a creepy, deathly feel to it.

Textbook Assignment 1

Assignment 1
The Three Little Pigs
Visual Effects:
1. Line: The lines are very fine and have a blended look on their bodies. This gives them a fluffy feel. It sets a fairytale like mood with a delicate feel to the story. The lines on their clothes are more distinct and sharp. This gives them a stronger feel.
Evaluation Criteria:
2. Plot: The pictures help the plot move the action forward. There is a conflict and series of happening. The wolf trying to destroy the three little pigs. The resolution being the three little pigs scaring the wolf away.
Martina the Beautiful cockroach:
Visual Effects:
1. This whole book shows a 3-D illustration. On page six, the 3-D illusion is more emphasized with the roster and the other characters are faded into the page. This makes the reader focus on the main characters.
Evaluation Criteria:
2. Plot: There is a conflict when the Martina is ready to get married but does not have a husband. Another conflict arises when she does a coffee test on potential suitors and they fail her test. This story can be relevant to young children. Teaching them that you may not always get what you were initially expecting in a situation. There is a clear series of events that lead up the clever ending.

This is not my hat:
Visual Effect:
1. The shapes vary in this book. They make the big fish very big with small plants. They make the small fish with big plants. To convey the difference of sizes between the fishes.
Evaluation Criteria:
2. Plot: There is conflict between the big fish and little fish because; the small fish took the big fish’s hat. Illustrations help to figure out the sequence of events.
The Legend of the bluebonnet:
Visual Effects:
1. Color: On the first page the colors are blain with tan, yellow and brown. The land is a tan color. This shows the reader the lack of water the land has had. The grass would be green if it has had the appropriate amount of water.
Evaluation Criteria:
2. Cultural Markers: Pictures depicted the Native American culture. The Indians were dressed all alike for representing their tribe. They had tribal names and traditions.

Olivia and the best teacher ever:
Visual Effects:
1. Texture: This book shows a 3-D illustration. On the second page, the 3-D concept is emphasized with the pigs but, not with the surrounding around. This makes the reader focus on the main characters.
Evaluation Criteria:
2. Plot: The emotion growth of the main character is evident in the book. The character starts with being hopeful that her teacher could be teacher of the year. Changes to disappoint when the teachers evaluator leaves the room upset with the chaos in the room. The character ends with being proud because she made her teacher feel special by having the class show her what they have learned from her.
Where the wild things are:
Visual Effects:
1. Composition: On page nine, the picture of the Max on the boat traveling to the wild animals. This page answers the question of the title, “Where the Wild Things Are”. Shape dominates this page it shows the initial encounter of Max and the wild things. The wild things look excited by their body language and facial expression and Max’s facial expression shows he is agitated.
Evaluative Criteria:
2. Setting: The themes of the relationship between Max and the wild things have personal resonance for the child reader in a way that is meaningful and worthwhile. . Children can relate to Max with having a thirst for curiosity and energy to play with others. Children often play dress up and pretend they are in island or castle. The children connect to this story with having their own make believe animals or toys similar to Max and the wild things.

The Paper bag princess:
Visual Effects:
1. Color: There is five main colors used. Black, red, orange, green, and yellow. One the first once page. On the female there is not much color on her dress except one the characters faces and red hearts near her face. On the male there is a lot of color from head to toe. The focus of color was more on the male to convey the symbolism that he is more important and focus needs to be on him.

Evaluation Criteria:
2. Setting: The pictures show the setting in the king and queen days. From the location being the castle to their regal clothes and crown.

Mirror, Mirror:
Visual Effects:
1. Color: On Rapunzel’s Locks page colors help represent the mood of negative to positive. The left side the colors are dark. The clouds are dark blue and black conveying a negative atmosphere. On the right side, the colors are bright. The clouds are light blue conveying a positive atmosphere.
Evaluation Criteria:
2. Style: This book is individual in its writing. It is written one way then twisted to the opposite. It makes the reader realize how a sentence can be rearranged and have different meaning. The point of view can interpret in two ways. Most of the fairytales have a positive and the negative viewpoint.
It’s a Book
Visual Effect:
1. Shape: The portions of sizes vary within the characters. One character is very big with an exaggerated head. The other character is medium sized with a larger head. The bigger character is educating the medium character. Maybe the author did this for a reason to indicate that the larger character is older.
Evaluation Criteria:
2. Illustrations: The pictures are entertaining and intriguing. The character has distinct facial features and body sizes. The illustrations compliment the words of the story. There is text in bold to emphasize the mood.
My teacher is a monster
Visual Effect:
1. Color: They used the colors well to convey the emotion. The teacher’s skin was green to represent evil and aggregated. She wore a black dress with pointy heels to represent a witch.
Evaluative Criteria:
2. The pictures illustrations captivated the mood of the teacher. In the beginning she was a green ugly dinosaur teacher, in the middle when she became nice she, turned into a normal looking women. In the end, she returns back into a green monster. The text in bold displayed the emotion in that moment.